Week 11 (5/5): Simple videos Part 3

Photo: Public Domain Pictures/CC

Submit your pre-production documentation (script, shot list, and storyboard) to the Video Docs Show and Tell folder in the Drive so we can give one another some feedback and encouragement 😇

Putting your story together

For the last two weeks you have been organising and shooting your short story. This week will be when you put it all together into a final cut.

Video production can be broken down into three main steps:

      1. Pre-production
      2. Production
      3. Post production

Pre-Production (Week 9)

This is the planning stage

      1. Film Treatment: the narrative, or prose-based telling of your story
      2. Screenplay: aka the shooting script
      3. Shot list: a list of every shot
      4. Storyboard: a graphical representation of your shots
      5. Call Sheet: for filming – who to call and when

Production (Week 10)

The actual shooting of your story

      1. Shooting the video by breaking it down into a number of shots or clips
      2. This is accomplished by using your shot list and storyboard as a shooting guide

Post Production (Today)

Putting it all together into a final work

      1. Editing the video using the EDL (see below)
      2. Adding the main titles and then credits
      3. Adding audio and soundtrack
Editing the video using your Edit Decision List (EDL)

Before you begin to edit all the shots together it is important to look at each shot independently and decide on what parts will add to the story telling, while cutting out those that don’t.

      1. First use your shot list to create an Edit Decision List * (EDL)
      2. In the example below, the in and out points are roughly decided for each shot. This is where you can cut out unwanted footage.
      3. The duration column is there to help with keeping an eye on the total length of the video
      4. The notes column is about how one shot might blend in with the following shot.
An example of an EDL used for a trailer in an awards ceremony

*Edit Decision Lists (EDLs) are lists that indicate the in and out points of various shots and how they are to be combined into the final cut. Many digital video editing programs (like Adobe Premiere) can export all the edits that you have created into an EDL.

Adding the main titles and credits slide

Adding audio e.g. narration, soundtrack or music bed, and sound effects (sfx)

One of the difficult issues here is keeping the sound levels balanced. This could be done in a sound editing program such as Audacity (free) or Adobe Audition before all the sounds are mixed together in the final edited video sequence.

Assessing your final video piece

It’s very hard to see you work objectively without ‘being too close to your own material’ You can see faults but others most likely won’t!

Probably the best way is to show your video to people you know will give you positive feedback.

Give yourself some time to come back to view your work and try to see it objectively. A few days can make a difference.

Ask yourself did you take advantage of the six elements that are considered in any given shot below to make your story work:

      1. Motivation – why is this shot being included? Is it a logical next step in the sequence for this scene?
      2. Information – what information is being imparted by this shot? How will it influence the viewer?
      3. Composition – how is the frame composed?
      4. Sound – what sound will be heard during this shot? Is it on-screen or off-screen sound?
      5. New camera angle – by definition a new shot will often involve a new camera angle
      6. Continuity – how does this shot fit with those around it?
  1. Combine your shots and title/text slides into a short video using InShot. (Don’t worry about an audio track yet – we’ll do that next if you decide your video needs sound 🔉)
  2. If you have time and want to add sound to your story, do so now
  3. Download your completed video as an .mp4

A reminder:

An alternative to InShot is VN, a sweet little mobile video editor with very powerful capabilities. It’s available for both Android and iOS, and is free.

Remember to share any good apps you find with us, too 🥰

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