The people formerly known as the audience

Who's your audience? Photo: davidrbanta/deviantart
Who’s your audience? Photo: © David R. Banta

The audience is an important determinant of news – it’s logical that news of interest to some people isn’t to others. Journalists need to know what their audiences want and need to know.

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Constructive journalism

Ulrik Haagerup’s graphic depiction of Constructive Journalism. Photo: Anna L. Schille 


A lot of news these days is “bad” news, focusing on doom and gloom.

A new, emerging form of journalism called constructive or solutions-focused journalism is taking a different approach.

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Hate, trolls, and phone addiction (and what to do about them)

Pepe the frog was killed off by his creator after becaming an alt-right symbol. Photo:



Let’s go through the Subject Guide including Assessments.

Saying mean stuff online

WATCH: Celebs read mean tweets, from the Jimmy Kimmel Show

Hate speech

DISCUSSION: What is hate speech? How would you define it?

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Great apps for digital content creation

Photo by Rakicevic Nenad on
Some tools to help with photos, illos, videos, and memes
snapseed app logo

Snapseed – excellent photo editing tool
Mobile: Android/iOS
Read: Getting Started with Snapseed +
Snapseed photo editing tutorial

lightroom photo editing app logo

Lightroom – photo editing + pro camera
Mobile: Android/iOS
Read: Snapseed vs Lightroom +
Get started with Lightroom on mobile

canva app logo

Canva – easy to use graphic design
Mobile: Android/iOS
Read: Getting started with Canva

pic collage app logo

PicCollage – collages, photo editing, text
Mobile: Android/iOS
Read: Getting started with PicCollage

stencil graphic design logo

Stencil – graphic design
Read: Canva v Stencil

giphy logo gif

Giphy – GIF and sticker maker
Mobile: Android/iOS
Read: How to make a GIF

piktochart logo

Piktochart – charts and other graphics
Web only:
Watch: A simple guide to Piktochart for beginners

Caption Writer for Instagram – fonts, spaces and line breaks, generate & save hashtags
Mobile: Android/iOS

Adobe Spark – make videos, social posts, graphics – anything really! Intuitive and simple
Watch: Getting started with Adobe Spark

Adobe Spark Post – really easy and beautiful graphic maker
Mobile: Android/iOS

Imgflip – meme generator with templates
Mobile: Android only

Imgur – meme and GIF maker
Mobile: Android/iOS

Lumen5 – super easy video creation
Web only:
Watch: Lumen5 explainer

InShot – brilliant and simple mobile app for making videos
Mobile: Android/iOS
Watch: InShot tutorial

VN – another awesome mobile video-making app
Mobile: Android/iOS
Watch: VN video editor tutorial

Animoto – simple video editing
Mobile: Android (outside the Play Store)/iOS

Animaker – create animated videos
Web only:
Watch: How to make animated videos [beginners’ tutorial]


To learn how to use any of the apps and programs above, search “getting started with …” on YouTube. I’ll add some video links above as I find them. Most apps are very simple and recommended for mobile content creation in particular.

Useful links: CC-licensed music and sound

Most music is protected by copyright law, with serious penalties for use without permission. Photo: Ferrari + caballos + fuerza = cerebro Humano/CC/flickr
Most music is protected by copyright law, with serious penalties for use without permission. Photo: Ferrari + caballos + fuerza = cerebro Humano/CC/flickr

Most music is protected under international copyright law in the same way photography and illustrations are protected. It is illegal to sample bits and pieces of songs you love to use in your own audio or video works. In the same way as you must not simply grab whatever you want from the results of a Google Image search, you should never use any music you please without first establishing that you have permission to use it.

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